You may be getting long delays and 'server not found' messages trying to connect to many major websites today, Friday 21 Oct 2016. This is probably because Dyn.com, a big internet provider is under attack. The BBC does not use that server (nor does GreenNet), so should be unaffected. However, it reportedly affects The Guardian, Netflix, Spotify and Twitter among other services. People are posting updates about the situation to Twitter, which isn't going to inform anyone who can't read Twitter.
Here's the Dyn.com status page. It appears (from here in London at 7pm BST) that they are overwhelmed with denial-of-service traffic, so only about 0.3% of lookup requests to them are being successfully answered. The domain name system is designed to 'cache' so this may result in some periods when a website works, and others when it doesn't.
You can use the following information to add temporary entries to your HOSTS file (at your own risk):
220.127.116.11 twitter.com 18.104.22.168 abs.twimg.com pbs.twimg.com 22.214.171.124 t.co 126.96.36.199 theguardian.com www.theguardian.com 188.8.131.52 assets.guim.co.uk 184.108.40.206 i.guim.co.uk 220.127.116.11 github.com # alternatives twitter.com. IN A 18.104.22.168 twitter.com. IN A 22.214.171.124
You might also be able to find similar information by consulting cached ISP records (one web tool for doing this is here). Or you can change your DNS servers to OpenDNS, which holds onto cached records for longer even when it can't consult Dyn,com. The OpenDNS servers are always 126.96.36.199 and 188.8.131.52.
These are some of Dyn's DNS servers that are being attacked:
ns2.p34.dynect.net. IN A 184.108.40.206
ns3.p34.dynect.net. IN A 220.127.116.11